23 December 2010As the General Assembly wraps up the main part of its 65th session, its President today hailed the summit with which it opened for galvanizing momentum towards achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reverse a global legacy of poverty and attendant ills. “I think we are well underway and the most important for me was to know whether we have the potential to do it or not and we got the right answer, I think: we have,” Joseph Deiss told UN Radio of September’s MDG summit attended by more than 100 heads of State and government.Noting that they reaffirmed the 2015 deadline for achieving the “very challenging” goals, which seek to slash extreme poverty and hunger, maternal and infant mortality, a host of diseases, and lack of access to education and medical care, he said: “I hope that the whole world has been listening to this promise, and now we will have to deliver.“The second question was to know: are we willing to do it? Is there the engagement of all the countries? And we got this promise. Now the third dimension is: we want to see how it will be delivered? We have been able to give a message of hope of course, but also a message of encouragement, a message that can create a momentum.”Mr. Deiss said an important issue for him was that the message be constructive and positive, noting there had been a lot of talk in the run-up to the summit about pessimism and “not being in line” with the goals.“It’s true there are several domains where we are not well or totally in shape. This should not make us forget all the important work that has already been done,” he said, citing UN humanitarian reports showing that “even if there are many problems, globally people are better off, have more food, better education, better health than 10, 20 or 30 years ago?“Clearly we have to attack the most sensitive or weakest points of the action taken so far but I think that was indeed the aim of such a summit – to uncover the weakness of the moment to ensure that we get there in 2015.” Looking back at the first three months of his presidency of the 65th General Assembly, which ends next September, Mr. Deiss picked out global governance as a second focal point.He noted the need to reconcile the fact that more and more problems cannot be solved by individual nations – such as global warming, the core UN objective of peace, migration and terrorism – with the desire of States to be sovereign: “how are we going to bring all these countries together?” he asked.Addressing Member States as they met to conclude the Assembly’s work on Friday night, Mr. Deiss hailed the “constructive and cooperative spirit” that had prevailed over critical, and at times challenging, deliberations on a range of issues, from poverty eradication and human rights to sustainable development and disarmament.Looking ahead to 2011, he said a main priority would be preparing for the high-level meeting on HIV/AIDS, set to take place in June, as well as the need to move forward decisively on reform issues and on reviewing the work of important UN bodies. Preparations for various high-level meetings in September, notably on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases, would also be a focus.
“We must reinforce the effectiveness of our Organization and endow it with sufficient resources to necessary for carrying out its mission,” he declared on the third day of the Assembly’s 69th annual General Debate, listing a host of issues from disease to development and calling for enlargement of the Security Council, the UN’s 15-member peace security body, with the addition of new permanent members.“The legitimacy and credibility of the United Nations depends on its capacity to act rapidly and intervene effectively while recognizing the added value of each Member State,” he said. “The United Nations remains to this day our best defense against these challenges with regard to the dignity of peoples in the participation and integration of all.”With regard to his own country, Mr. Martelly maintained his call for the progressive withdrawal of troops from UN Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH), which played a major role in helping the country recover from the devastating 2010 earthquake, as Haiti’s own national police become operational.He also called for better coordination on the part of UN aid agencies with national institutions, taking into account the real needs of the country.He concluded with a renewed appeal for a more effective UN able to reduce poverty and inequality throughout the world.“Our goal is that the UN truly become the foundation of a system for collective security and solidarity capable of ensuring the supremacy of the rule of law and preserving international peace and security,” he declared.“A system capable of prioritizing fundamental freedoms and human rights, a system able to promote growth that respects the environment and development that responds to current demands without endangering the future of generations to come.”